101 Interesting Facts about London That Will Make You Feel Smarter


1. Former London Mayor, now Prime Minister Boris Johnson saved a green activist from being assaulted by a group of teenagers. The woman later called him her "knight on a shining bicycle". 


The events took place 10 years ago, on November 2, 2009, in the City of London. One of the main characters of this story is Franny Armstrong, a British filmmaker and environmental activist, known for her works "The Age of Stupid", a futuristic film that raised awareness of climate change, basing its plot in the year 2055. She is also known for her crowdfunding model to raise money for her movies, and for her 2009 campaign against climate change "10:10", which aimed to reduce carbon emissions by 10% by 2010. Armstrong was at the time in London, texting a relative on her phone when she saw a group of teenage girls approaching her.
(Continue reading on The Guardian...)

2. A man created a fake restaurant on TripAdvisor and asked around for good reviews. Eventually, the fake restaurant was the number one restaurant in London and was being called up 100s of times daily for bookings. For a day, the man set up a "cafe" in his backyard and served frozen food to rave reviews. 

One day, sitting in the shed I live in, I had a revelation: Within the current climate of misinformation and society's willingness to believe everything, maybe a fake restaurant is possible? At that moment, it became my mission. With the help of fake reviews, mystique, and nonsense, I was going to do it: turn my shed into London's top-rated restaurant on TripAdvisor.
(Continue reading on VICE...)



3. In 2014, black taxi cab drivers brought parts of London to a standstill, protesting against Uber. This led to an 850% increase in downloads of Uber. 

Thousands of taxi drivers brought part of central London to a standstill in protest at rival service Uber, the mobile phone app. The drivers were angry about what they regarded as a lack of regulation of the use of apps such as Uber. Around 10,000 drivers had attended the protest. Despite the protest, Uber said it had seen the number of people downloading its app increase by 850% compared to the previous day.
(Continue reading on BBC...)

4. Because of an old superstition, several ravens are kept at the Tower of London at all times. These ravens are enlisted soldiers of the Kingdom and have occasionally been dismissed for bad conduct. While wild ravens live for 10-15 years, Tower ravens can live past 40 years. 

A group of at least six captive ravens are resident at the Tower of London. Their presence is traditionally believed to protect the Crown and the Tower; a superstition holds that "if the Tower of London ravens are lost or fly away, the Crown will fall and Britain with it."
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)



5. There used to be a polar bear at the Tower of London which was fed by putting a leash on it and letting it fish in the Thames. 

King Henry III was particularly credited with establishing the Royal Menagerie at the Tower of London. In 1251, he was gifted a polar bear from King Haakon of Norway. The bear was given a particularly long leash to enable him to swim and catch fish in the Thames river.
(Continue reading on Perry Ponders...)


6. In Victorian London, mail was delivered to homes 12 times a day. "Return of post" was a commonly used phrase for requesting an immediate response to be mailed at the next scheduled delivery. It was quite common for people to complain if a letter didn't arrive within a few hours. 

In England in 1830, postage for letters was calculated not only by the number of sheets of paper but also by the number of miles traversed, and the recipient was the one who had to pay. In Victorian London, though the service wasn't 24/7, it was close to 12/6. Home delivery routes would go by every house 12 times a day. For example, the first delivery began at about 7:30 a.m. and the last one at about 7:30 p.m.
(Continue reading on NY Times...)


7. The city of London still pays rent to the Queen on land it leased in 1211. Nobody even knows where the land is located anymore. But over the past centuries, the city has paid the same flat rate: a knife, an axe, six oversized horseshoes, and 61 nails. 
The Ceremony of Quit Rents is the oldest legal ceremony in England and dates back to 1211 and involves the payments of rents to the Queen's Remembrancer, the oldest judicial position in England, created in 1164 by Henry II. The amount of rent has not changed over the centuries. Each year, the City hands over a blunt billhook and a sharp axe to the Remembrancer.
(Continue reading on Historic UK...)


8. There's a war memorial for animals in London. It is inscribed "They had no choice".


The Animals in War Memorial is a war memorial, in Hyde Park, London, commemorating the countless animals that have served and died under British military command throughout history. It was designed by English sculptor David Backhouse and unveiled in November 2004 by Anne, Princess Royal.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


9. During a London Cholera outbreak, workers at local brewery near the outbreak were saved because they only drank beer, which protected them from the infected water. 
During the 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak, there was one significant anomaly. None of the workers in the nearby Broad Street brewery contracted cholera. As they were given a daily allowance of beer, they did not consume water from the nearby well.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


10. London only reached its pre-WW2 population level in January 2015. 

On January 6, 2015, London hit an extraordinary milestone. The population finally caught up with its 1939 peak population: from then on, London's population is in an all-time high. Has any other city in history bounced back from losing two and a quarter million people?
(Continue reading on CityMetric...)



11. The Big Ben (Elizabeth Tower) in London is leaning over so much it can now be seen with the naked eye. In around 4,000 years it will be at the same angle as the tower in Pisa is now.
Big Ben in London is leaning over and the tilt is now so pronounced it is clearly visible to the naked eye, engineers have claimed. It is believed the tilt is being caused by the 1858 landmark slowly sinking into the land on which it is built.
(Continue reading on METRO...)


12. In 1894, the city of London was "drowning" in horse poop. It was estimated that within 50 years, London streets would be buried in 9 feet of poop and horse carcasses. But the invention of the automobile resolved the problem. 

The huge number of horses in the City created major problems. The main concern was the large amount of manure left behind on the streets. On average a horse will produce between 15 and 35 pounds of manure and 2 pints of urine per day.
(Continue reading on Historic UK...)


13. Since 1900 a London park has a Memorial to those that have died in heroic acts of self-sacrifice and who might otherwise be forgotten. Each heroic act is listed such as, "Drowned in attempting to save a poor girl who had thrown herself into the canal".


The Memorial to Heroic Self-Sacrifice is a public monument in Postman's Park in the City of London, commemorating ordinary people who died saving the lives of others and who might otherwise have been forgotten. The memorial consists of a 50-foot wooden loggia sheltering a wall with space for 120 ceramic memorial tiles.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)

14. London has "buildings" which are actually facades hiding subway ventilation/maintenance systems.

Do you live in London? If the answer is "yes", you might have passed right by train tunnels, communication towers or even entirely empty buildings and never realized you were being duped. Some examples of these fake buildings are found in Leinster Gardens in Paddington, London. (Continue reading on Web Urbanist...)


15. During the 18th century, you could pay your admission to the zoo in London by bringing a cat or a dog to feed the lions. 
The menagerie, an old term of "zoo", in London was opened to the public during the reign of Elizabeth I in the 16th century. During the 18th century, the price of admission was three half-pence or the supply of a cat or dog to be fed to the lions.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)



16. Throughout South London, there are large sections of fence made out of WWII stretchers. These stretchers were used by civil authorities to transport the injured during the Blitz. They are what remain of the 600,000 built for the city during the war. 

During the Blitz, as Nazi planes tried nightly to flatten London, 600,000 all-metal stretchers were made. Intended for the Air Raid Protection (ARP) officers, they were used to carry the injured and dying to safety through the city's ruined streets. After the war, officials repurposed the stretchers, welding them together so they acted as railings for many estates across London.
(Continue reading on CityMetric...)


17. A marathon is exactly 26 miles and 385 yards because that happened to be the length of the 1908 London Olympic marathon and not because it is the distance between Marathon and Athens, which is approximately 25 miles. 
The International Olympic Committee agreed in 1907 that the distance for the 1908 London Olympic marathon would be about 25 miles. The organisers decided on a course of 26 miles from the start at Windsor Castle to the royal entrance to the White City Stadium, followed by a lap (586 yards and 2 feet) of the track, finishing in front of the Royal Box. The course was later altered to use a different entrance to the stadium, followed by a partial lap of 385 yards to the same finish. This length was used as the model for the standard distance for the marathon in 1921.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


18. A London fog was yellow smog so thick you couldn't see the ground. These "pea-soupers" often carried toxic chemicals and one in 1952 killed 4,000 people in five days. Due to the Clean Air Act, the last London Fog was in 1962. 

In 1952, a "great killer fog" lasted five days and killed an estimated 4,000 people. In a Britain trying to turn a corner after the death and destruction of the Blitz, this was unacceptable. A Clean Air Act was passed in 1956, forcing Londoners to burn smokeless fuel or switch to gas or electricity, power sources that had become much cheaper as these industries expanded.
(Continue reading on NY Times...)


19. There is a stone in London enclosed within the walls of a building, yet nobody knows its original purpose and has been recorded in literature and maps since 1100.


The name "London Stone" was first recorded around the year 1100. The date and original purpose of the Stone are unknown, although it is possibly of Roman origin, and there has been interest and speculation about it since at least the 16th century.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


20. The London Underground is getting hotter because the clay that the tunnels are dug into spent decades absorbing heat and has now reached maximum capacity, so it is now insulating the tunnels. When the tube was first built it was much cooler than the city above. 

Over the years, the heat from the trains soaked into the clay to the point where it can no longer absorb any more heat. Tunnels that were a mere 14 degrees Celsius in the 1900s can now have air temperatures as high as 30 degrees Celsius on parts of the tube network.
(Continue reading on ianVisits...)


21. London black cab drivers must first pass The Knowledge, a multi-sequence oral exam requiring memorization of all 25,000 street names, landmarks, and points-of-interest in a 6-mile radius from London centre.
The examination to become a London cabby is possibly the most difficult test in the world --demanding years of study to memorize the labyrinthine city's 25,000 streets and any business or landmark on them. As GPS and Uber imperil this tradition, is there an argument for learning as an end in itself?
(Continue reading on NY Times...)


22. Almost one-third of London men are too fat to see their own genitals.

Almost one-third of London men are so overweight they are unable to see their own genitals, according to a survey conducted in 2012. The study, carried out across all regions of the UK, found the highest percentage of men who could not see their privates due to their bulging stomachs were in the West Midlands and the lowest number in the South East.
(Continue reading on Evening Standard...)


23. During the outbreak of World War II, London Zoo killed all their venomous animals in case the zoo was bombed and the animals escaped. 

War finally broke out on 3rd September 1939 but the London Zoo had been preparing for war for some time. The Zoo's most valuable animals were transferred to Whipsnade for safety; two giant pandas, two orangutans, four chimpanzees, three Asian elephants, and an ostrich. All the venomous animals were killed to remove the possibility of having dangerous animals escape if the Zoo were bombed.
(Continue reading on ZSL...)

24. The UK Royal Mail ran an underground railway network in London of driverless trains from 1927 until 2003 to move mail between sorting offices. 

The Post Office Railway, known as Mail Rail since 1987, is a 2 ft narrow gauge, driverless underground railway in London that was built by the Post Office with assistance from the Underground Electric Railways Company of London, to transport mail between sorting offices. It opened in 1927 and operated for 76 years until it closed in 2003.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


25. The Christmas tree in London's Trafalgar Square had been given by the country of Norway every year since 1947. It is a token of appreciation for the friendship of the British people during World War II. 


After the Second World War, Norway decided to repay their British allies with a very special annual Christmas gift - a tree. On the first Thursday in December, a huge Christmas tree is lit in London's Trafalgar Square, radiating its Yuletide joy in all directions. What you might not know, is that the tree has travelled all the way from Nordmarka outside of Oslo, in Norway.
(Continue reading on Visit Norway...) 


26. In Victorian London, it was theorized that diseases like Cholera (which killed tens of thousands) were spread by bad-smelling air until a scientist named Jon Snow determined water was the culprit - he became known as the father of modern epidemiology. 

On April 21st, 1859, an incredible thing happened in London and thousands of people came out to get a glimpse of the very first public drinking fountain. The fountain was used by thousands of people a day, as most of the people at that time didn't have access to water in their homes. So, most people chose to drink directly the water of The River Thames, dirty and full of chemicals in that epoch. Cholera was rampant. Outbreaks of the disease in 1847 and 1854 killed 58,000 people in London, and the accepted theory at the time was that diseases, including Cholera, were spread through bad-smelling air. But some people were sceptical of this, including a scientist named John Snow.
(Continue reading on 99% Invisible...)


27. It took architect Christopher Wren 36 years to complete London's St. Paul's Cathedral. After he died twelve years later in 1723, he was entombed inside, and Wren's son placed a dedication nearby, which contains the words "Reader, if you seek his monument, look around you."


St Paul's has always been the touchstone of Wren's reputation. His association with it spans his whole architectural career, including the thirty-six years between the start of the new building in 1675 and the declaration by parliament of its completion in 1711.
(Continue reading on Oxford DNB...)


28. After Queen's success with Bohemian Rhapsody, sacks of fan mail poured in from behind the Iron Curtain, addressed to "Queen, London". It was mistakenly delivered to Buckingham Palace. 

The record-breaking single rocketed into the charts eight days after its release - and stayed at No 1 for eight weeks. The legend of Queen was fortified... Sackloads of post arrived from behind the Iron Curtain, addressed to 'Queen, London'. The Royal Mail delivered them to Buckingham Palace before having been tactfully informed that they had to be re-directed.
(Continue reading on BrianMay...)


29. London has $248 billion in gold stored in sprawling vaults that contain a fifth of all gold held by the world's governments. 
Under London's streets lies a hidden gold mine. It stretches across more than 300,000 square feet under the City, the finance quarter in the heart of Britain's capital. There, beneath the pavement and commuters of Threadneedle Street, lies a maze of eight Bank of England gold vaults - each stacked with gold bars worth a total sum of around 141 billion pounds ($200 billion).
(Continue reading on BBC...)


30. In the 1908 London Olympics, the Russian team arrived 12 days late and missed their most favoured event because they were still following the Julian calendar rather than the Gregorian calendar. 

Although nine teams were entered in the Men's Military Rifle competition, only eight competed. The ninth team was Russia which never withdrew and actually tried to compete. In 1908, as today, most nations in the world used the Gregorian Calendar, but unlike today, a few nations used the older Julian Calendar. Russia was one of the nations using the Julian Calendar, which differed by 13 days from the Gregorian Calendar. Therefore, the Russian shooters arrived 13 days late and found out that The International team match had been completed and all the shooters had by now left Bisley.
(Continue Reading on Sports Reference...)


31. Although New York is the city that has the most billionaires, London is the city with the most millionaires in the world (who are not billionaires, of course). 
While North America is the richest continent by total regional population of millionaires, it is actually London that is home to the world's largest population of millionaires. Approximately, 357,200 millionaires live in London, followed by New York City (339,200 millionaires), and Tokyo (279,800 millionaires).
(Continue reading on World Atlas...)


32. Pennies are used to adjust the time in London's Big Ben clock tower. A single penny can change the pendulum's centre of mass and alter the time by 0.4s per day. 

On top of the clock's pendulum is a small stack of old penny coins; these are to adjust the time of the clock. Adding a coin has the effect of minutely lifting the position of the pendulum's centre of mass, reducing the effective length of the pendulum rod and hence increasing the rate at which the pendulum swings. Adding or removing a penny will change the clock's speed by 0.4 seconds per day.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


33. London is home to more than 10,000 foxes and most residents like having them around. 

The London Natural History Society suggests that London is "one of the World's Greenest Cities" with more than 40% green space or open water. 2000 species of flowering plants have been found growing there; the tidal Thames supports 120 species of fish; over 60 species of birds nest in central London; amphibians, such as common frogs, common toads, palmate newts, and great crested newts, inhabit the City; and reptiles like slowworms, lizards and adders are often seen in Outer London. Among other inhabitants of London are approx. 10,000 red foxes, so that there are now 16 foxes for every square mile of London.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


34. A 1631 edition of the Bible published by the royal printers of London caused an uproar when it was found that the Ten Commandments included "Thou shalt commit adultery." Most copies of this Wicked Bible were found and ordered destroyed; the few that survived are highly sought by collectors. 


The "Wicked Bible", sometimes called "Adulterous Bible" or "Sinners' Bible", is an edition of the Bible published in 1631 by Robert Barker and Martin Lucas, the royal printers in London, meant to be a reprint of the King James Bible. The name is derived from a mistake made by the compositors: in the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:14), the word "not" in the sentence "Thou shalt not commit adultery" was omitted.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


35. In 1810, London came to a standstill from a prank by Theodore Hook who sent out thousands of letters requesting services that included hundreds of coal deliveries, wedding cakes, priests, lawyers, doctors, chimney sweeps, and over a dozen pianos to be delivered to the same address. 
The "Berners Street Hoax" was perpetrated by Theodore Hook in Westminster, in 1809. Hook had made a bet with his friend, Samuel Beazley, that he could transform any house in London into the most talked-about address in a week, which he achieved by sending out thousands of letters in the name of Mrs Tottenham, who lived at 54 Berners Street, requesting deliveries, visitors, and assistance.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


36. In London during the 1930s, infants were commonly hung outside apartment windows in "Baby Cages" so that they could get enough fresh air and sunlight. 

In the late 19th century, doctors began recommending that parents in urban apartments regularly expose their children to fresh air. It was believed this would strengthen the child's immune system and increase her general health and vigour. Eleanor Roosevelt bought a chicken-wire cage after the birth of her daughter Anna. She hung it out the window of her New York City apartment and placed Anna inside for her naps. The "baby cage" was born. The first commercial patent for a baby cage was filed in 1922 by Emma Read of Spokane, Washington. The cages became popular in London in the 1930s among apartment dwellers without access to backyards.
(Continue reading on Mashable...)


37. Rather than building up, billionaires in central London are building down, creating mega-basements. Nicknamed "iceberg homes" because there's more square footage under the ground than above. 
In a world where real estate is becoming increasingly expensive, the rich of London found a loophole in the laws. Since the past decade, there have been grand multi-storied basements popping up, or rather down into the ground, under the houses of the rich and affluent. Dubbed "iceberg homes", these basements are a world unto themselves.
(Continue reading on Unbelievable Facts...)


38. "The Walkie-Talkie" is a building in London that became famous a few years ago when, unintentionally, it melted cars and changed weather patterns due to its concave design which focused a beam of light 6 times brighter sunlight and heated the pavement to nearly 120 degrees Celsius at certain spots. 


The 20 Fenchurch Street is a commercial skyscraper in London that takes its name from its address on Fenchurch Street, in the historic City of London financial district. It has been nicknamed 'The Walkie-Talkie' because of its distinctive shape. Construction was completed in spring 2014, and the three-floor 'sky garden' was opened in January 2015. The 38-story building is 160 meters tall. (Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


39. From 1757 to 1795, an anonymous writer published an annual directory of London prostitutes. It sold thousands of copies each year and detailed everything from their specialities to the size of their breasts. 
"Harris's List of Covent Garden Ladies", published from 1757 to 1795, was an annual directory of prostitutes then working in Georgian London. A small pocketbook, it was printed and published in Covent Garden and sold for two shillings and sixpence. The earliest printed editions of Harris's List of Covent Garden Ladies appeared after Christmas 1756. The identity of the lists' authors is uncertain.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


40. In 1723 the death rate in London outstripped the birth rate and it remained higher for the next decade. Gin was to blame. Women addicted to Gin neglected their infants or quietened them with Gin. The term 'Mothers Ruin' survives to this day. 

The impact of gin on London's deprived inner-city population unused to anything stronger than beer has been compared to the effects of crack cocaine on modern-day American inner-city ghettos. The period during which gin had its greatest impact in Britain has since become known as the 'Gin Craze'.
(Continue reading on Difford's Guide...)


41. During The Great Stink of London, where the smell of human faeces in the River Thames was so bad that it halted Parliament. Around 250 tons of lime were used to mask the odour. 
The Great Stink was an event in central London in July and August 1858 during which the hot weather exacerbated the smell of untreated human waste and industrial effluent that was present on the banks of the River Thames. At the height of the stink, between 200-250 tons of lime were being used near the mouths of the sewers that discharged into the Thames to mask the horrible smell.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


42. In the late 1600s, London was plagued by an attacker who would spank his victims with a rod and shout "Spanko!" before running away. 

The "Whipping Tom" of 1681 was active in the warren of small courtyards between Fleet Street, Strand, and Holborn. He would wait in the narrow and dimly lit alleys and courtyards. After approaching an unaccompanied woman, he would grab her, lift her dress, and slap her buttocks repeatedly before fleeing. He would sometimes accompany his attacks by shouting "Spanko!"
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


43. After the Great Fire of London, an economist by the name of Nicholas If-Christ-had-not-died-for-thee-thou-hadst-been-damned Barebone played a major role in pioneering fire insurance. (His very religious father, Praise-God Barebone chose his somewhat unusual middle name). 

Nicholas Barbon, also known as Nicholas Barebone, was an English economist, physician, and financial speculator. Critics of mercantilism consider him to be one of the first proponents of the free market. In the aftermath of the Great Fire of London, he also helped to pioneer fire insurance and was a leading player in the reconstruction work --although his buildings were planned and erected primarily for his own financial gain.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)

44. There are 13 secret green shelters built in 1875 dotted around London that only cab drivers can enter. 


The Cabmen's Shelter Fund was established in London, in 1875 to run shelters for the drivers of hansom cabs and taxicabs. These shelters were small green huts, which were not allowed to be larger than a horse and cart, as they stood on the public highway. Between 1875 and 1914, 61 of these buildings were built around London, of which thirteen still exist and are still run by the Cabmen's Shelter Fund.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


45. The organizers of the 2012 London Olympics contacted The Who's manager to ask if Keith Moon would play at the opening ceremony. He died in 1978. 
The London 2012 opening ceremony was going to be called Isles of Wonder, but there can be no wonderment more wonderful than the fact that Olympics organizers wanted Keith Moon to perform. Moon had been dead for 34 years (now it would be 41 years). The drummer for The Who died in 1978 after ingesting 32 tablets of clomethiazole, a sedative he had taken for alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
(Continue reading on The Guardian...)


46. London has a larger population than Scotland. 

As of December 2018, the City's population was over 8.9 million whereas the population in the entire country of Scotland was 5.438 million. Considering that in 2000 the populations of Scotland and London were 5.063 million and 7.195 million, respectively, we can see the rapid increase in population in the case of London (around 24%) while in Scotland the population has just experimented a slight increase over the past 10 years (7.4%). In fact, London's population numbers are so high that about 21% of the total UK's population lives in its metropolitan area.
(Continue reading on Brilliant Maps...)


47. A London borough has invented a public bench that perfectly repels graffiti, skateboarders, litter, rough sleepers and even rain. 


Behold the Camden Bench. This pale, amorphous lump of sculptured concrete is designed to resist almost everything in a city that it might come into contact with. Named for the London authority that commissioned it, the Camden Bench has a special coating which makes it impervious to graffiti and vandalism.
(Continue reading on Medium...)


48. Traffic in central London moves at the same speed as horse-drawn carriages a century ago. 

Despite the congestion charge, traffic in central London moves at just 10mph - the same speed as horse-drawn carriages a century ago. The average traffic speed has improved by only 1.5mph since the toll's introduction in 2003. That means cars in central London now travel at the speed of a running chicken, instead of a running house mouse.
(Continue reading on This Is Local London...)


49. The famous guitar player, Jimi Hendrix, lived in the same London apartment block, on Brook Street, that the composer Handel lived in two centuries ago. It is now known as "Handel & Hendrix".
Handel & Hendrix in London (previously Handel House Museum) is a museum in Mayfair, London dedicated to the lives and works of the German-born British baroque composer George Frideric Handel and the American rock singer-guitarist Jimi Hendrix, who lived at 25 and 23 Brook Street respectively. The museum was opened in 2001 as "Handel House Museum". In 2016, the museum expanded to incorporate the upper floors of 23 Brook Street, home of Jimi Hendrix in the late 1960s.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


50. There was a famous Newfoundland terrier from the 19th century who was found shipwrecked off the coast of England. He became known in London for saving people from drowning; 23 rescues in 14 years. In thanks, he became an honorary member of the Royal Humane Society. 

The distinguished dog was named "Bob". According to legend, he was shipwrecked off the coast of England. As a stray dog, he became well-known along the London waterfront saving people from drowning. There were twenty-three rescues recorded spanning fourteen years. He was declared a distinguished member of the Royal Humane Society which not only entitled him to a medal, but also to food every day.
(Continue reading on Newfoundland Club of America...)


51. In 1995, while excavating for a new building in Central London, archaeologists discovered the unmarked isolated remains of a teenage Roman girl. She was later reburied on-site with full Roman burial rites, and her tomb is marked by a Latin inscription commemorating the "Unknown Roman Girl".
Prior to every development in Central London, the Museum of London Archeology (MOLA) gets the opportunity for archaeological investigations. Here in 1995, they found, among other Roman remains, the skeleton of a young Roman girl who had been buried over 1,600 years ago. The remains were taken to the Museum of London while the Swiss Re Building or 30 St Mary Axe was erected and in 2007, 12 years later, were reburied at the original site.
(Continue reading on London Remembers...)


52. The 1908 Olympics was hosted in London after being relocated from Rome after Mount Vesuvius erupted. It was also the longest Olympics lasting for 6 months and 4 days. 

The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London from 27 April to 31 October 1908. These games were originally scheduled to be held in Rome, but relocation on financial grounds followed a disastrous eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 1906.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


53. The British Royal Family refused to flee London during the Blitz, instead choosing to endure the horrific bombings and support the common people during a time of crisis. The Buckingham Palace suffered 9 direct hits, and the royal family earned adoration and respect from across the country. 

It would go down in history as the day the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) came closest to claiming the ultimate trophy - the life of George VI. On September 13, 1940, German bombs hit Buckingham Palace when he was in residence, an event elevating the reluctant, stammering monarch to hero-king in the eyes of the British people.
(Continue reading on The Guardian...)

54. In 2007, a plot to detonate a car bomb in Central London was foiled after one of the cars involved was towed for being parked illegally. 

On 29 June 2007, in London, two car bombs were discovered and disabled before they could be detonated. The first car was reported to the police by the door staff at a nearby nightclub when they noticed suspicious fumes. About an hour later, the car containing the second device was ticketed for illegal parking, and an hour after that, transported to the car pound at Park Lane, where staff noticed a strong smell of petrol and reported the vehicle to police.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


55. During WWI, London was protected by massive lengths of steel cables suspended from observation balloons to guard against air raids. These "balloon aprons" forced pilots to fly above their range or too low to avoid AA fire. 
Barrage Balloons were deployed above planes' operational ceilings to defend important sites. Heavy metal cables would be strung below the balloons, forcing enemy aircraft to avoid colliding with them. London was defended with a formidable array of metal nets that frustrated many bombing attempts.
(Continue reading on Mashable...)


56. The streets of London were once paved in gold: fool's gold. Martin Frobisher shipped over a thousand tons of fool's gold from what's now Canada to London under the impression he was shipping gold ore. When it was later discovered it was no more than iron pyrite to use it for road metalling. 

On his second voyage to the "New World", Frobisher, an English seaman, found what he thought was gold ore and carried 200 tons of it home on three ships, where initial assaying determined it to be worth a profit of 5.20 pounds per ton. Encouraged, Frobisher returned to Canada with even a larger fleet and dug several mines around Frobisher Bay. Once in England, and after years of smelting, it was realized that the ore was comparatively worthless iron pyrite, known as "fool's gold".
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


57. London has so many trees that it can be classified as a forest. 
According to a UN definition, London can be classified as a forest, its 8.4 million trees - almost one for every person - adorning and detoxifying this great city. London may be renowned for the handsome plane trees that dominate its centre, but the capital's most common tree is actually the sycamore, followed by English oak and silver birch.
(Continue reading on The Guardian...)


58. In 1909, American publisher W. D. Boyce was visiting London and was lost on a foggy street when a Boy Scout helped him find his way, but refused a tip saying it was his good deed for the day. Four months later W. D. Boyce started Boy Scouts of America. 

Boyce learned about Scouting while passing through London during his first expedition to Africa in 1909. According to the original story, Boyce had become lost in the dense London fog but was guided back to his destination by a young boy, who told him that he was merely doing his duty as a Boy Scout.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


59. Until 1993, the BT Tower was an official state secret despite being a 177-meter tall structure in the middle of Central London that was open to the public. 
Due to its importance to the national communications network, information about the tower was designated an official secret. For instance, journalists could only refer to the Tower as "Location 23". It is often said that the tower did not appear on Ordnance Survey maps, despite being a 177-meter tall structure in the middle of Central London that was open to the public for about 15 years.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


60. London's Abbey Road zebra crossing, made famous from the Beatles album cover, has been granted Grade II listing, meaning it is now recognized as nationally important and of special interest. 


The crossing - the first of its kind to be listed - is being recognized for its "cultural and historical importance" following advice from English Heritage. The Beatles were photographed on Abbey Road in Ian Macmillan's iconic cover shot for the 1969 album Abbey Road.
(Continue reading on BBC...)


61. In 2013, a contemporary art studio installed a "Rain Room" at the Curve at the Barbican in London. This interesting room makes the rain fall everywhere in the room except for the spot you are standing on. 


This site-specific sound and light installation uses 2,500 litres of self-cleaning recycled water, controlled through a system of 3D tracking cameras placed around the ceiling. The cameras detect a visitor's movement and signal groups of the water nozzles in the ceiling, stopping the flow of water in a roughly six-foot (2-meter) radius around the person.
(Continue reading on The Guardian...)


62. Cab drivers in London have much larger hippocampi, which is the brain region responsible for the formation of new memories, than other people. 

Unlike other "mega-cities" whose streets are arranged in a somewhat user-friendly grid, London's map of streets looks more like a tangle of yarn that a preschooler glued to construction paper than a metropolis designed with architectural foresight. Yet London's taxi drivers navigate the smoggy snarl with ease, instantaneously calculating the swiftest route between any two points. These navigational demands stimulate brain development, concludes a study carried out 8 years ago.
(Continue reading on Scientific American...)

63. London has a "Cereal Cafe" where you can eat hundreds of different kinds of cereals from around the world. 

"Cereal Killer Cafe" was opened in 2014 by cereal obsessed twin brothers, Alan & Gary Keery, becoming the world's first international cereal cafe. The 1990s themed nostalgic cafes are situated in Brick Lane, Camden, and in Dubai Mall in London. All menu items served at these cafes contain cereal, from chicken to ice cream. It sells over 100 different varieties of global cereal brands.
(Continue reading on Cereal Killer Cafe...)


64. At least, one dead body is washed ashore somewhere along the River Thames in London every week. 

The River Thames is 215-miles long (346 km) and flows through one of the largest cities in the world. Considering the numerous accidents on the river combined with murderers dumping the bodies in an attempt to hide the crime and suicides, it is not really shocking that approximately 60 bodies are found in the River per year, mostly in the London area. Especially, when you take into consideration that it is a tidal river, so it would take a long time for a body to reach the sea in the Thames.
(Continue reading on TimeOut...)


65. The "Espresso martini", which combines vodka with espresso coffee, was invented when a young woman asked a famous London bartender for a drink that would "Wake me up, then f*ck me up".
There are several claims for the origin of the espresso martini, an IBA (International Bartenders Association) official cocktail that contains mostly Vodka, Kahlua, and a short espresso. One of the more common claims is that it was created by Dick Bradsell in the late 1980s while at Freds Club in London for a young lady who asked for something that would, "Wake me up, and then f*ck me up".
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


66. In London, in 1814, a vat at the Horse Shoe Brewery ruptured unleashing 1,470,000 L of beer which poured down Tottenham Court Road in a 15ft wave destroying two houses, a pub, and killing at least 8 people. 

The "London Beer Flood" was an accident at Meaux & Co's Horse Shoe Brewery, London, on 17 October 1814. It took place when one of the 22-foot-tall (6.7 m) wooden vats of fermenting porter burst. The pressure destroyed another vessel, and between 128,000 and 323,000 imperial gallons (580,000-1,470,000 litres) of beer were released.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


67. Isaac Newton prowled the bars and taverns in seedy parts of London in disguise to gather evidence of counterfeiting. His work led to 28 convictions, one being hanged for high treason. 
Sir Isaac Newton's stellar scientific accomplishments are well-known: his Principia and Opticks laid the foundation for modern physics. Less frequently discussed are his later years, starting with his acceptance in 1696 of the position of warden for the Royal Mint. During his tenure, he oversaw the recoinage of England's currency and relentlessly pursued counterfeiters, including one of the most successful: William Chaloner.
(Continue reading on APS...)


68. The deepest London Underground station, 221ft (67m) underground, was never completed and was used to store secret archives during WWII. 

The North End (commonly referred to as Bull and Bush) is a never-completed underground station on the Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway (CCE&HR). Works on the station were ended in 1906 before the lift shafts were dug and before any work on a surface building was done. The uncompleted platforms and lower passageways remain. with access to the tracks. During World War II these were used to store secret archives with access only available from the cabs of passing serving trains.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


69. The number of coffee shops in London was bigger in the 1700s than today's number. It is estimated that around 3,000 coffee shops were established in the City in the mid 18th century, whereas 2,748 coffee shops are registered on Google Maps as of January 2019.
During the 1700s, coffee's popularity in London rose at a steadily high rate. The Londoners took no notice and London became a city of coffee addicts. By the dawn of the 18th century, contemporaries counted 3,000 coffeehouses in London, where people talked about the latest news, made business deals, wrote and discussed literature, and many other productive activities.
(Continue reading on The Telegraph...)


70. When British Airways was having trouble erecting the London eye, Richard Branson (owner of Virgin) had an airship flying over the wheel bearing the slogan 'BA Can't Get It Up!!'. 


As Richard Branson says on the official Virgin website: "I was woken up at 5:30 a.m. one morning to be told that the British Airways sponsored London Eye had a technical problem - they couldn't erect it. They had the world's press waiting to see it going up and I knew we had a duty to give them something to look at."
(Continue reading on Virgin...)


71. The first 'moving staircase' or escalator was built in 1898 at a Harrods store in London. Riders found the escalator so nerve-racking that an employee stood at the top offering brandy so they could recover from the ordeal. 


On 16 November 1898, Harrods debuted England's first "moving staircase" (escalator) in their Brompton Road stores; the device was actually a woven leather conveyor belt-like unit with a mahogany and "silver plate-glass" balustrade. Nervous customers were offered brandy at the top to revive them after their 'ordeal'.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


72. London has a real-life vigilante called "The Shadow".

The man, who said he would prefer to be called The Shadow after the popular comic, stepped in to save a City worker from a violent mugging. The Shadow called himself "younger than 50 and older than 25", saying he patrolled the capital's streets most nights - even though he holds down a day job.
(Continue reading on Evening Standard...)

73. In 1984 the French planted a bomb in London to test British security. 

A French secret agent had a bomb planted at the residence of Paris' envoy to London in an attempt to test British security arrangements. According to the documents released by the National Archives, two containers of high explosives were discovered by a sniffer dog shortly before the ambassador was due to host then President Fran├žois Mitterrand in October 1984.
(Continue reading on Business Standard...)


74. A guy in London dressed up as a superhero and went around removing boots from people's cars. He called himself "Angle-Grinder Man". 

As a one-man vigilante force, Angle-Grinder Man, who takes his name from the boot-destroying circular saw he wields, has made only a modest impact: by his own estimates, he has freed about 20 cars so far. But his campaign against the city's effort to immobilize cars for parking violations and other infractions has touched a nerve in a city of strict parking regulations, zealous traffic police officers and car owners increasingly aggrieved at what they believe is mean-spirited law enforcement.
(Continue reading on NY Times...)


75. When the Abbey National Building Society moved into 219-229 Baker Street, London, they employed a full-time secretary to answer mail addressed to Sherlock Holmes (fictional address: 221b Baker Street).
At the time the Holmes stories were published, addresses in Baker Street did not go as high as 221. Baker Street was later extended, and in 1932 the Abbey National Building Society moved into premises at 219-229 Baker Street. For many years, Abbey National employed a full-time secretary to answer mail addressed to Sherlock Holmes.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


76. The first person to discover a full dinosaur skeleton was crushed and nearly killed by a landslide. She was also banned from The Geological Society Of London for being a working-class woman. 


Mary Anning was an English fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist who became known around the world for important findings she made in Jurassic marine fossil beds in the cliffs along the English Channel. Among her most famous discoveries, we have to mention the first full ichthyosaur skeleton ever found. She nearly died in 1833 during a landslide that killed her dog, Tray.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


77. Around 20% of all women in 1700s London were prostitutes. 
It is thought that there were almost 63,000 prostitutes in London in the 1700s and that a staggering one in five (20%) of London's women were "harlots" - prostitutes. In fact, London's prostitutes generated an estimated gross turnover of around 20 million pounds (1.5 billion pounds in today's money). This was big business.
(Continue reading on Canadian Content...)


78. In 2016, with the support of her mother, a U.K teenage girl with terminal cancer successfully petitioned London's High Court for the right to be cryogenically frozen. The girl died with the knowledge that she would be frozen, and her body was sent to the U.S for long-term cryogenic storage. 

The girl wanted to have her body preserved in the hopes that scientists someday would be able to bring her back to life and cure her illness. Her wishes were initially supported by her mother but not her father, which led the girl to seek a judge's intervention to ensure that her mother would decide what would happen to her body.
(Continue reading on NPR...)


79. Karl Marx once participated in a London pub crawl. After 18 pubs, he and his friends started throwing rocks at street lamps - at which point he was chased by 4 policemen who he managed to outrun. 
--Fragment extracted from "Karl Marx: Biographical memoirs by Wilhelm Liebknecht, 1896"-- "Now we had enough of our "beer trip" for the time being, and in order to cool our heated blood, we started on a double-quick march, until Edgar Bauer stumbled over a heap of paving stones. And in memory of mad student's pranks, he picked up a stone, and clash! clatter! a gas lantern went flying into splinters. Nonsense is contagious - Marx and I did not stay behind, and we broke four or five street lamps".
(Continue reading on Marxists...)


80. 20 minutes spent on the London Underground's Northern Line is as bad for your lungs as smoking a cigarette. 

According to a 2002 study air quality on the Underground was 73 times worse than at street level, with 20 minutes on the Northern Line having "the same effect as smoking a cigarette".
(Continue reading on Evening Standard...)


81. Immediately after the death of Queen Elizabeth II, her secretary will inform the Prime Minister via a secure phone line by saying "London Bridge is down", thus initiating Operation London Bridge, a detailed procedure that outlines the action for days and weeks after the sovereign's death. 
Her eyes will be closed and Charles will be king. His siblings will kiss his hands. The first official to deal with the news will be Sir Christopher Geidt, the Queen's private secretary. Geidt will contact the prime minister. The prime minister will be woken, if he is not already awake, and civil servants will say "London Bridge is down" on secure lines.
(Continue reading on The Guardian...)


82. The statue of George Washington in Trafalgar Square in London sits on imported soil from the U.S because Washington once claimed "he would never again step foot on English soil".


The statue shows Washington holding a bundle of 13 fasces which represent the original 13 states of the newly created United States of America. There is a popular legend that Washington, whose family came from the North East of England, had said he would never set foot on British soil again so some American soil was put under the statue to comply with his wishes.
(Continue reading on Guide London...)

83. Burger King sells a $200 burger that is made with Wagyu Beef, white truffles, Pata Negra ham, and Crystal champagne onion straws. The burger is only sold once per week in London and proceeds from the sale go to a London charity.

The fine ingredients of what is called simply 'The Burger' include Wagyu beef, white truffles, Pata Negra ham slices, Cristal onion straws, Modena balsamic vinegar, lambs lettuce, pink Himalayan rock salt, organic white wine and shallot infused mayonnaise in an Iranian saffron and white truffle dusted bun.
(Continue reading on Serious Eats...)

84. In 1976, a giant inflatable pig being used in a Pink Floyd photo shoot broke free and caused all flights at London Heathrow to be grounded and the Royal Air Force to send helicopters to search for it. It landed in a farmer's field unscathed where it scared all of his cows. 

The original Pink Floyd pig was designed by Roger Waters and built in December 1976 by the artist Jeffrey Shaw, in preparation for shooting the cover of the "Animals" album. Plans were made to fly the 12-meter (40ft), helium-filled balloon over Battersea Power Station on the first day's photo-shoot, with a marksman prepared to shoot the pig down if it broke free. However, the pig was not launched. On the second day, the marksman wasn't present because no one had told him to return. The pig broke free due to a strong dust of wind on the third day, gaining a lot of press coverage.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


85. A London military hospital during WWI was staffed entirely by women. Endell Street Military Hospital had only female doctors, nurses, orderlies, and clerks, all of whom supported the movement to give women the vote. 
Endell Street Military Hospital was a First World War military hospital located on Endell Street in Covent Garden, central London. This was the only hospital entirely staffed by suffragists (women who supported the introduction of votes for women).
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


86. The 2012 Olympics had the biggest military buildup in London since World War II. 

During WWII, there were warships docked on the River Thames, right in the centre of London. There was also an operating Royal Air Force base in the capital back then, and all air traffic control was taken out of civilian hands and given to the Ministry of Defense. That's exactly the sort of thing we'd expect to happen during the largest, most destructive war in human history. That's not exactly the sort of thing we'd expect from, say, the security team at a Ping-Pong match.
(Continue reading on Cracked...)


87. In the 1800s gay men in London made up an entire slang language so they could communicate in public without fear of being arrested. 
"Polari" is a form of cant slang used in Britain by some actors, circus and fairground showmen, professional wrestlers, prostitutes, and the gay subculture. Since the 19th century, Polari was used in London fishmarkets, the theatre, fairgrounds, and circuses, hence the many borrowings from Romani. As many homosexual men worked in theatrical entertainment it was also used among the gay subculture, at a time when homosexual activity was illegal, to disguise homosexuals from hostile outsiders and undercover policemen.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


88. Multiple skeletons were found in the basement of Benjamin Franklin's London home. The bones were discovered during a 1998 renovation of the house and were identified as being from nearly a dozen people, including six children. 

In 1998, as restoration work by the Friends of Benjamin Franklin House began on 36 Craven Street, a Grade I listed house rescued from the brink of tottering collapse, a small pit was found in the basement room. A human thigh bone was found. The coroner and the police were notified. Excavation continued. More human bone surfaced. And more. And more, until more than 1,200 pieces of bone were recovered. The most plausible explanation is not mass murder, but an anatomy school run by Benjamin Franklin's young friend and protege, William Hewson.
(Continue reading on The Guardian...)


89. In the 19th century, the city of London once considered building a giant death pyramid to deal with the city's looming cemetery shortage. 


Confidently, Thomas Willson proposed his solution. A giant pyramid, its base covering 18 acres, would rise to a height of 94 stories on top of Primrose Hill, thus creating a total area of over 1000 acres filled with individual vaults, making enough room, he estimated, for 5 million deceased Londoners. The central location of Primrose Hill and the fact it was open space in an increasingly built-up London meant it had already been suggested as a potential burial ground.
(Continue reading on Historic UK...)


90. In one of the first homeless shelters in London, people could sleep at night for two pennies, with their arms and head resting over a rope (they were forbidden from lying down). It was called the "two-penny-hangover" and it may likely be where the term "hangover" originates from. 

During Queen Victoria's reign, many homeless shelters were created for the people of central London. They were operated by the Salvation Army during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. One of the first homeless shelters was the so-called "two penny hangover" where the client was allowed to sleep when he leaned on the rope during the night. He was not allowed to lie down flat though. For double the price (four pennies), a homeless client could stay at a coffin house where he would receive food and would be allowed to lie down flat on his back.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


91. In the mid 19th century, the belief persisted that the weather was completely unpredictable. When one member of Parliament suggested in the Commons in 1854 that recent advances in scientific theory might soon allow them to know the weather in London "twenty-four hours beforehand", the House roared with laughter. 
There was no such thing as weather forecast in 1854 when Admiral Robert FitzRoy established what would later be called the Met Office, the first institution that planned to forecast the weather in England. Despite scientific discoveries and inventions that could help humans to understand the storms' behaviour or the winds' movement, the belief that the weather was completely chaotic persisted. In fact, in 1854, one MP suggested in the Commons that recent advances in scientific theory might soon allow them to know the weather in London "twenty-four hours beforehand", the House roared with laughter.
(Continue reading on BBC...)


92. There was a man in London named Jonathan Wild, who was "Thief-Taker General" of the City, while also leading a criminal empire. He would send his rivals to the gallows, and return goods that his men had stolen, for a price. Eventually, after hanging a popular criminal, his gang turned on him and he was hanged himself. 

Jonathan Wild was a London underworld figure notable for operating on both sides of the law, posing as a public-spirited crimefighter entitled the "Thief-Taker General". As a powerful gang-leader himself, he became a master manipulator of legal systems, collecting the rewards offered for valuables which he had stolen himself, bribing prison-guards to release his colleagues, and blackmailing any who crossed him. He was responsible for the arrest and execution of Jack Sheppard, a popular thief, and burglar who had won the public's affection as a lovable rogue. After this, his men began to give evidence about Wild's double-life and, eventually, he was hanged at Tyburn before a massive crowd.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)

93. The required turning circle of a London black cab (25ft) is to allow them to navigate the roundabout on Savoy Court, leading to The Savoy hotel. (The only named road in the UK upon which traffic drives on the right).

Black cabs have a turning circle of only 25 feet. The reason for this is, supposedly, to accommodate the small roundabout at the entrance of the Savoy Hotel. This turning radius later became legally required for all London taxis.
(Continue reading on Londontopia...)

94. London's smallest statue 'Two Mice Eating Cheese' commemorates the death of two workmen who, in 1862, fell from scaffolding whilst arguing over a missing sandwich. It was actually stolen by mice. 

Philpot Lane is a short street in London, named after Sir John Philpot, Lord Mayor of London from 1378-79. It is the site of London's smallest public statue, "The Two Mice Eating Cheese". The sculpture is said to commemorate the death of two workmen, who fell from scaffolding during the construction of the building in 1862. The workmen were arguing over the theft of a sandwich, which was later revealed to have been taken by mice.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


95. On October 4th, 1936, antifascist Londoners prevented British fascist Oswald Mosley and his Blackshirt militia from marching through a predominantly Jewish neighbourhood in what would become known as the "Battle of Cable Street".


The "Battle of Cable Street" was an event that took place in Cable Street and Whitechapel in the East End of London, on Sunday 4 October 1936. It was a clash between the Metropolitan Police, sent to protect a march by members of the British Union of Fascists led by Oswald Mosley, and various anti-fascist demonstrators, including local anarchist, communist, Jewish and socialist groups.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


96. The London Underground has its own subspecies of mosquito, which is more aggressive towards humans than its surface-dwelling relative. 

Regular riders of the London Underground may bemoan the iconic and occasionally fierce tube mice. But there is another, smaller animal living in the Underground that is perhaps even more at home in the subterranean network - since it actually evolved in the unique conditions of the tube environment.
(Continue reading on BBC...)


97. In Burlington Arcade, London, a top-hatted security team known as beadles continue to enforce a policy of no humming, hurrying, and "behaving boisterously".


Burlington Arcade is a covered shopping arcade in London. The arcade is patrolled by "beadles" in traditional uniforms including top hats and frockcoats. The original beadles were all former members of Lord George Cavendish's regiment, the 10th Royal Hussars. The arcade maintains Regency decorum by banning singing, humming, hurrying, and "behaving boisterously".
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


98. Paddle steamer SS Princess Alice sank in 1878 on the River Thames in London after a collision with another vessel; 700 people drowned in heavily polluted waters as 75 million gallons of London's raw sewage had been released nearby, the highest ever loss of civilians in UK waters. 

The loss of a ship has always seemed to engender a very deep emotional response in people and it was never more so felt, than after the sinking of the SS Princess Alice on the 3rd September 1878. The consequences of the disaster were far-reaching, including a review of the rules and policing of the River Thames, the legal process of dealing with mass deaths, from the retrieval of bodies and identification of bodies to inquests and burials.
(Continue reading on Intriguing History...)


99. James Barrie, creator of Peter Pan, gave the Peter Pan copyright to Great Ormond Street Hospital, the leading children's hospital in London, which helped support the institution's work for 70 years after his passing. 
In 1911, Barrie developed the Peter Pan play into the novel "Peter and Wendy". In April 1929, Barrie gave the copyright of the Peter Pan works to Great Ormond Street Hospital, a leading children's hospital in London. The current status of the copyright is somewhat complex. The UK copyright originally expired at the end of 1987 but later revived in 1995 when legislation was changed, extending the copyright term to 70 years after the author's death.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...)


100. London has more Indian restaurants than India's capital city itself, New Delhi. London also beats Mumbai. Two of the major cities in India. 

Indian food is huge in the UK, with around 15,000 Indian restaurants that provide employment. That's more Indian restaurants than in Indian cities like Mumbai or New Delhi. However, most Indian restaurants in the UK aren't Indian at all: the majority of the owners (especially in London and its surroundings) are of Bangladeshi descent.
(Continue reading on What a Fact...)


101. In 1651, the Penderel brothers escorted young King Charles II from safe house to safe house after his defeat in the Battle of Worcester. Their descendants still receive 100 pounds per year as a reward. 

Richard Penderel was a Roman Catholic farmer and a supporter of the Royalist cause during the English Civil War. He assisted with the escape of Charles II after the Battle of Worcester in September 1651. Penderel was suspected of Royalist sympathies during the Commonwealth, but kept a low profile and was left unmolested. He was rewarded on the Restoration, welcomed at Charles II's court in June 1660. He was given a reward of 200 pounds and a perpetual annuity of 100 pounds for him and his heirs in April 1662.
(Continue reading on Wikipedia...) 


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